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Estudios de economía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-5286

Estudios de Economía vol.48 no.2 Santiago jul. 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-52862021000200219 

Artículos

Empleo e inversión en actividades de innovación sin introducción de nuevas tecnologías: un estudio sobre Ecuador

Employment and investment in innovation activities without introduction of new technologies: a study on Ecuador

Diego Del Pozo1 

Juan Fernández-Sastre2 

1Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC), Ecuador

2Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO), Ecuador

Resumen:

Mediante el método de ponderación por probabilidad inversa y utilizando datos de la Encuesta Ecuatoriana de Innovación y del Instituto de Seguridad Social, este artículo estima el efecto de la introducción de tecnologías y de la inversión en actividades de innovación sin introducción de tecnologías en el empleo. Los resultados indican que solo la introducción de nuevas tecnologías incrementa el empleo en el corto plazo; aunque la inversión en I+D, sin introducción de tecnologías, aumenta la contratación de científicos. Finalmente, los resultados señalan que las empresas que introducen tecnologías incrementan la contratación de directivos, científicos y técnicos.

Palabras clave: Empleo; I&D; otras actividades de innovación; pareo por propensión; países en desarrollo

Abstract:

This article estimates the effect of the introduction of technologies and the effect of investing in innovation activities without the introduction of technologies on employment, using data from the Ecuadorian Innovation Survey and the Social Security Institute and applying the inverse probability weighting methodology. The results indicate that only the introduction of new technologies increases total employment in the short run; although investment in R&D, without the introduction of technologies, increases the recruitment of scientists. Finally, firms that introduce technologies increase the hiring of managers, scientists and technicians.

Keywords: Employment; R&D; other innovation activities; matching by propensity; developing countries

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponible sólo en PDF.

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Recibido: 0 de Noviembre de 2020; Aprobado: 0 de Mayo de 2021

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