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Estudios de economía

On-line version ISSN 0718-5286

Estudios de Economía vol.48 no.1 Santiago June 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-52862021000100035 

Artículos

EU minimum wages: To what extent does ideology matter?

Salarios mínimos de la UE: ¿Hasta qué punto importa la ideología?

Francisco Sánchez-Vellvé1 

Manuel León1 

1CES Cardenal Cisneros, Madrid, España

Abstract:

This paper estimates the importance of the political and ideological position of the ruling party in determining the minimum wage in the European Union Member States. To this end, a database that establishes the position of each government in each country and year is built. Using the panel data methodology, we conclude that the center-right governments tend to have lower relative minimum wages. The same result is found when the Chapel Hill Expert Survey policy indexes the are used. Ideology does not discriminate between conservative or liberal governments due to both of them setting minimum wages at similar levels, though lower than governments of social ideology.

Keywords: Politics; ideology; minimum wage; statutory wages

Resumen:

En este trabajo se estima la importancia de la posición política e ideológica del partido gobernante en la determinación del salario mínimo en los países de la Unión Europea. Para ello, se construye una base de datos que refleja la posición de cada gobierno en cada país y año. Utilizando la metodología de datos de panel, se concluye que los gobiernos de centro-derecha tienden a tener un salario mínimo inferior. El mismo resultado se encuentra si se utilizan los índices de política construidos por la Chapel Hill Expert Survey. La ideología no discrimina entre gobiernos conservadores o liberales, ya que ambos tienden a tener un salario mínimo similar aunque inferior a los gobiernos de ideología social.

Palabras clave: Política; ideología; salario mínimo; salario legal

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponible sólo en PDF.

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Received: November 0, 2020; Accepted: February 0, 2021

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