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Estudios de economía

versão On-line ISSN 0718-5286

Estudios de Economía vol.47 no.1 Santiago jun. 2020

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-52862020000100079 

Artículos

Recursos TIC y supervivencia empresarial: una revisión de la noción de ventaja competitiva

IT resources and business survival: competitive advantage revisited

Carlos Piñeiro Sánchez1 

1Universidade da Coruña. España

Resumen:

El estudio de las disfunciones financieras de las empresas ha sido un tópico común en la investigación a lo largo de las últimas décadas; no obstante, algunos aspectos de los procesos de fracaso han recibido relativamente poca atención. Este trabajo profundiza en su dimensión temporal. Exploramos la forma en que una categoría concreta de recursos, los activos y capacidades vinculados a las tecnologías de la información, altera la probabilidad de sobrevivir durante diferentes horizontes arbitrarios. Diseñamos y ajustamos una regresión de Cox, partiendo de la fundamentación teórica aportada por el enfoque de recursos y capacidades. Hallamos evidencia indicativa de que las expectativas de su- pervivencia están influidas por el uso de recursos TIC orientados a la gestión comercial, por la experiencia de gestión en materia de TIC y por la habilidad para desplegar estrategias de colaboración interna y externa. Los resultados son robustos incluso cuando se consideran las particularidades de la actividad y las características financieras específicas de cada empresa.

Palabras clave: Recursos y capacidades; fracaso financiero; recursos TIC

Abstract:

The study of firms’financial imbalances has been a common topic in research over the last decades; however, some aspects of the failure processes have received little attention. This research deepens into the temporal dimension of bankruptcy, and explores whether IT resources affect the expected lifetime of a firm. Drawing on the resource-based view of the firm, we design and adjust a Cox regression. We found evidence that the average lifetime and the odds of surviving beyond any arbitrary time t are modified by the availability and the pattern of use of marketing-oriented IT resources, by IT management experience, and by the ability to deploy internal and external collaboration strategies. The results are robust when considering the industry and the financial situation of each company.

Keywords: Resource-based view; financial failure; IT resources

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponible sólo en PDF.

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Recibido: 0 de Julio de 2019; Aprobado: 0 de Enero de 2020

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