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Gayana (Concepción)

versión impresa ISSN 0717-652Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-6538

Gayana (Concepc.) v.74 n.2 Concepción  2010

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-65382010000200001 

Gayana Vol. 74(2), V (2010)

 

EDITORIAL

 

Natural disasters and scientific publication


Networking in science relies on scientific joumals for communicating successful breakthroughs but also for facing unprecedented challenges in the development ofresearch. In the case ofthe 2010 Chile earthquake, scientific publication has served both purposes well.

The MW 8.8 earthquake and tsunami that hit central Chile on February 27* 2010 not only took human lives and destroyed civil infrastructure (housing, hospitals and schools). It also severely damaged Chilean research (Kaiser & Regalado 2010), causing losses that could cost more than 200 million USD to overeóme (Regalado 2010). This is the first time that several national research institutions are so dramatically affected by one single natural disaster. From the optics of science, this last point and the near-real time data that was obtained from the field clearly differentiate the 2010 quake from previous seismic events.

This catastrophe also revealed the valué and visibility of Chilean research in disciplines as diverse as Oceanography, Chemistry and Biology. Indeed, the international scientific community quickly reacted and rallied to support Chilean colleagues in several way s. For doing so, they have, almost with no exception, used scientific joumals and bulletins as vehicles for information. In some cases, effective technical support and rapid collaboration have helped understanding the scientific causes and immediate consequences ofthe earthquake (Farias et al. 2010, Madariaga et al. 2010, Moreno et al. 2010, Schiermeier 2010). In others, joumals have published calis for awareness and coordination of financial and material support that could help repairing or even rebuilding research facilities in the most affected áreas (ASLO 2010, Escribano & Poulet 2010, Harris 2010).

Other recent natural disasters have attracted worldwide attention and ink in scientific joumals (only during this year Haiti and China were hit by devastating earthquakes) and significantly contributed to narrow the gap between science, policy and society (Dalton 2010, Lovett 2010, Sarewitz 2010). But to the knowledge of this editor, the 2010 Chile earthquake is an unprecedented example of science working actively for science using its own tools and language.

In this sense, the massive response ofthe international community reminds us that scientific publication is more than the peer reviewing of articles. The role of scientific joumals, of their editors, and of their related scientific staff is also to respond to the intrinsic and permanent need ofthe scientific community for networking. Without such cooperation, overcoming catastrophic difficulties would be an impossible task.

 

Camila Fernández

Editor

References

Regalado, A. 2010. Scientists count the cost of Chile's quake. Science 328: 157.        [ Links ]

Farias, M., G. Vargas, A. Tassara, S. Carretier, S. Baize, D. Melnick & K. Bataille. 2010. Land-Level changes produced by the Mw 8.8 2010 Chilean Earthquake. Science Xpress: 1.        [ Links ]

Madariaga, R., M. Métois, C. Vigny & J. Campos. 2010. Central Chile finally breaks. Science 328: 181-182.        [ Links ]

Moreno, M., M. Rosenau & O. Oncken. 2010. 2010 Maule earthquake slip correlates with pre-seismic locking of Andean subduction zone. Nature 467: 198-202.        [ Links ]

Schiermeier, Q. 2010. Model response to Chile quake? Nature 464: 14-15.        [ Links ]

ASLO. 2010. University of Concepción oceanographic relief fund established. Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin 19: 52.        [ Links ]

Escribano, R. & S. Poulet. 2010. Hard times for marine sciences in Chile Marine Biology:        [ Links ]

Harris, R. 2010. University of Concepción Marine station, Dichato, Chile. Journal of Plankton Research 32: 1103-1104.        [ Links ]

Dalton, R. 2010. Geologists to evalúate future Haiti risks. Nature 463: 276-277.        [ Links ]

Lovett, R. 2010. Why Chile fared better than Haiti. Nature:        [ Links ]

Sarewitz, D. 2010. World view: brick to brick. Nature 465:        [ Links ]

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