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International journal of interdisciplinary dentistry

versión impresa ISSN 2452-5596versión On-line ISSN 2452-5588

Resumen

ALVARADO, María José  y  OYONARTE, Rodrigo. Obstructive Sleep Apnea and the Role of the Orthodontist. Bibliographical review. Int. j interdiscip. dent. [online]. 2021, vol.14, n.3, pp.242-245. ISSN 2452-5596.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S2452-55882021000300242.

Introduction:

Obstructive sleep apnea is a chronic, highly prevalent disorder associated with cardiovascular and neurocognitive repercussions, which seriously affect the quality of life of the individuals who suffer from it. In that context, both the general dentist and the specialist have an important role in the screening and potential interdisciplinary treatment of this disorder.

Review of current literature:

The causes and sequelae associated with this disorder are described, together with the initial screening methods that serve for a timely referral. In addition, treatment alternatives and current available evidence on their therapeutic effects are addressed.

Discussion and conclusion:

Since obstructive sleep apnea is a complex and multifactorial disorder, it is approached from an interdisciplinary perspective to determine the best treatment strategy according to the characteristics of the patient, with a clear understanding of the repercussions that each therapy involves. In Orthodontics, controversy exist about the effect of treatment with premolar extractions on the dimensions of the upper airway. It is relevant to critically analyze the available evidence about this controversy in order to ensure optimal treatment strategies in clinical practice.

Palabras clave : Sleep apnea; Obstructive / orthodontics / review.

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