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International journal of interdisciplinary dentistry

versión impresa ISSN 2452-5596versión On-line ISSN 2452-5588

Resumen

TRUJILLO-HERNANDEZ, Margarita et al. Erosion of dental enamel in teeth exposed to industrial drinks. In vitro pilot study. Int. j interdiscip. dent. [online]. 2021, vol.14, n.3, pp.237-241. ISSN 2452-5596.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S2452-55882021000300237.

Objective:

to determine the erosive effect on dental enamel of extracted human teeth, after exposure to industrial drinks distributed commercially in Cartagena, Colombia.

Materials and methods:

experimental in vitro study in 26 human teeth extracted with healthy dental enamel, randomly distributed in twelve experimental groups that were exposed to industrial beverages commercialized in the city of Cartagena. The teeth were exposed to the drinks for 7 days, twice a day. To determine the erosive effect, pH of the drink, weight loss of the exposed teeth and clinical appearance of the dental enamel after exposure were evaluated.

Results:

all the evaluated drinks presented pH <4.5, being Coca Cola® and Hit® Orange Juice the ones that exhibited the lowest pH. All the drinks caused enamel demineralization, however, the ones that caused the most weight loss were Speed ​​Max®, Vive 100® and Coca Cola®.

Conclusions:

Speed Max® and Coca Cola® were the drinks that generated the greatest erosive effect on the dental structure. Therefore, it is necessary to inform the population about the risks to oral health derived from the excessive consumption of these drinks.

Palabras clave : Dental enamel; Dental erosion; Drinks; Public health fluid intake (DeCS).

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