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International journal of interdisciplinary dentistry

versión impresa ISSN 2452-5596versión On-line ISSN 2452-5588

Resumen

MOSCOSO-MATUS, Karla et al. Descriptive analysis of the admission process to the destination and training cycle of dental surgeons between 2009 and 2018. Int. j interdiscip. dent. [online]. 2021, vol.14, n.2, pp.135-139. ISSN 2452-5596.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S2452-55882021000200135.

Introduction.

Since 1955, a human resources strategy has existed in Chile aiming to insert health professionals into rural or difficult-to-reach areas, called the EDF destination and training cycle (formerly, zone generals). There is little information regarding recent graduates entering this cycle and the factors conditioning their application. Therefore, this study aims to describe the cohorts that entered the EDF cycle between 2009 and 2018.

Methodology:

Data from the EDF application processes were obtained from the website of the Ministry of Health and completed with the records from the Superintendence of Health. Information on the total number of graduates from each Chilean university was obtained from the Ministry of Education website. The data were analyzed using the SPSS IBM Statistic v24 software.

Results:

Ten application processes for entering the EDF cycle were analyzed, encompassing a total of 1,689 applicants, representing 13.8% of the newly registered dental surgeons between 2009-2018. Even though 60% of the applicants are female, the applications from men are more effective (p=0,038). Five universities concentrate 63% of the applications and 86% of the places (p <0.001). The offset has remained constant.

Discussion:

There is little research on this subject and it would be interesting to analyze the reasons behind the differences between the effectiveness of the applications according to sex and university of origin, as well as the motivations of the applicants to apply.

Palabras clave : Public policy; Dentistry; Health workforce.

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