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Revista de cirugía

versión impresa ISSN 2452-4557versión On-line ISSN 2452-4549

Resumen

SPOERER, Sebastián et al. Elaboration of a thoracic trauma surgery simulation model from a cadaveric human torso incorporating digital image technology and 3D printing. Rev. cir. [online]. 2021, vol.73, n.3, pp.280-286. ISSN 2452-4557.  http://dx.doi.org/10.35687/s2452-45492021003906.

Aim:

To describe the design and creation of a high-fidelity thoracic trauma surgery simulation model incorporating 3D printing technology using a cadaveric human torso as a model.

Materials and Method:

This is a descriptive study that aims to illustrate the creation process of a thoracic trauma surgery simulation model throughout the incorporation of prototypes and dynamic iteration technologies.

Results:

A high-fidelity reusable thoracic trauma surgery simulation model was created from the digitalization of a cadaveric torso using a computed tomography scan. Throughout digital reconstruction tools, the subcutaneous, muscular, and skeletal structures were modeled from images obtained before and after an anterolateral thoracotomy. Using 3D printing and synthetic materials, a high-fidelity thoracic cavity was built so that perfused and ventilated porcine heart and lungs could be placed. A thoracotomy patch for the anterolateral thoracotomy was designed in a reusable and low-cost fashion. This simulation model is suitable for high fidelity training in the surgical management of cardiopulmonary traumatic injuries.

Conclusion:

The described methodology allowed the creation of a simulation model for training and assessment of surgical skills in thoracic trauma. The main components of the simulation model are made from reusable materials, broadening access to low-cost, high fidelity training.

Palabras clave : simulation; thoracic surgery; medical education; 3-D Printing.

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