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Sophia Austral

On-line version ISSN 0719-5605

Abstract

LATAPI, Paulina. Cognition and emotion in the historical narrative of young high school graduates. Sophia Austral [online]. 2020, n.26, pp.69-87. ISSN 0719-5605.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-56052020000200069.

The research analyzes the historical narrative of graduates from two high school subsystems which were broken down using The Founded Theory. Finds that: a) their central categoy was the inequality attributed to president Porfirio Díaz favored an elite and harmed the majority of the population; b) Díaz was characterized as a dictator and villain; c) the other as the subject of the story, appears blurred as history is understood like being made by great characters; d) the vision of the period is not explained by structural or contextual factors but by prevailing emotions e) the Mexican Revolution is ambivalently conceived: the defeat of Porfiriato arouses joy and pride but also sadness for having prevailed inequality. The importance of interdisciplinarity is concluded to understand the crucial role that the relationship between emotions and cognitions plays in teaching history as a substantive element in building sustained judgments, shield against fundamentalisms and to move towards democratic processes.

Keywords : narrative; cognition; emotion; high school; Mexico.

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