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Nueva revista del Pacífico

versión impresa ISSN 0716-6346versión On-line ISSN 0719-5176

Resumen

SENTIS HERRMANN, Verónica  y  ROJAS CASTRO, Braulio. HUACHOS, ROTOS AND PUTAS. THE DRAMA OF VALPARAISO IN THE FACE OF THE SOCIAL MATTER. Nueva rev. Pac. [online]. 2020, n.72, pp.301-324. ISSN 0716-6346.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-51762020000100301.

This article analyses how drama about Valparaiso, produced between 1891 and 1938, echoed the social matter by proposing, from a poetic perspective, ‘huacho’ as a class inequality concept, ‘roto’ as the evolution of ‘huacho’, and ‘puta’ as the mother of the first and possible wife of the latter. It is suggested, from an aesthetic point of view, that while there is coincidence between the theatre productions and the literture of the period in relation to said characters, Valparaiso literary narrative began to show a formal evolution towards the avant-garde, incorporating new styles, while theatre continued to be anchored in a naturalistic-melodramatic conception. It is proposed that this difference can be explained by the way both aesthetic objects circulated, given that literature can transcend time by mediating its relationship with the taste of the readers as an edited text, but the staging, as an event, is limited by the preferences of the potential spectators who determine its economic survival by attending the shows, delaying avant-garde experimental procedures.

Palabras clave : Dramaturgy; Valparaíso theater; social matter; melodrama; avant-garde.

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