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Nueva revista del Pacífico

versión impresa ISSN 0716-6346versión On-line ISSN 0719-5176

Resumen

HOZVEN, Roberto. HERITAGE AND CASUISM, PORT AND ‘SANTIAGUINERÍA’, IN JOAQUÍN EDWARDS BELLO ESSAYISTIC CHRONICLES. Nueva rev. Pac. [online]. 2020, n.72, pp.214-238. ISSN 0716-6346.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-51762020000100214.

This paper is divided in two parts. In part one, the chronicle discourse of Joaquin Edwards Bello is studied under the scope of recessive and intrusive intersubjective attitudes, proper of the essay genre form. I consider that these two intersubjective attitudes determine the contents and enunciation of his chronicle discourse. The corpus analyzed are the 3006 pages comprising the four volumes of Edwards Bello's chronicles, selected and compiled by Roberto Merino. Critical bibliographies of Gabriela Mistral, Hector Soto, Leonidas Morales and Marina Alvarado on Edwards Bello’s literature have been consulted for this. Presently, based on research on patrimonialism and casuistry (R. Morse, O Paz, M. Góngora, Cl. Véliz, C. Stoetzer, etc.), the prevalence of these two political, social and ideological colonial institutions in the Chilean reality and social discourse in the first half of the twentieth century, as criticized by Edwards Bello, is demonstrated.

The second part proves that Edwards Bello's criticism of the patrimonialism and casuistry that prevailed in the Chilean social discourse of the first half twentieth century uses dream-like, fantastical (the psychoanalytic fantasme -as understood by Lacanian literature) and deconstructive (proxemics, heterology) resources. Thanks to them, Edwards Bello does not confuse the plurality of meanings in his chronicles with hypostatic truths. Next, his criticism based on these fantasmatic approaches follows an antithetical course. Valparaiso and its citizens, a city in constant transformation because of its astral modernity, oppose a conventual Santiago with colonial subjects (the "santiaguinería"), both of them buried in a mountain range landscape of horror, which is a mausoleum of Triassic skeletons. These antitheses ("the basis of my literature", as he declares) between a modern Valparaiso/a colonial Santiago and their respective citizens/subjects render varied life to his essayist-chronicalist plural criticism.

Palabras clave : patrimonialism; casuistry; chronicle-essay; phantom; santiaguinería; Porteño.

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