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Nueva revista del Pacífico

versión impresa ISSN 0716-6346versión On-line ISSN 0719-5176

Resumen

ARAVENA, Soledad  y  QUIROGA, Riva. LATER LEXICAL DEVELOPMENT IN EXPLANATIONS BY HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: ANALYSIS OF ADJECTIVES. Nueva rev. Pac. [online]. 2020, n.72, pp.192-213. ISSN 0716-6346.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-51762020000100192.

The research aims to explore adjectives, a grammatical class that offers an optimal perspective to study lexical and linguistic development at school ages. 120 explanatory texts written by students from three high school levels and two socioeconomic groups were collected. In them, all the adjectives were counted and some of their morphological, syntactic and semantic features were also analyzed. For data analysis, a mixed factorial ANOVA design with two intergroup factors (age / school level and SES group) was applied. The results show that age / school level and its interaction with the SES group significantly influence the total use of adjectives and the use of derivative, prenominal, modifying and relational adjectives. We concluded that lexicon can greatly increase at these stages according to contextual variables and discourse genre command.

Palabras clave : lexical development; adjectives; explanatory writing.

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