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Revista de humanidades de Valparaíso

Print version ISSN 0719-4234On-line version ISSN 0719-4242


RAMIREZ*, Fernando Lautaro. Reason and experience: contributions to a broadening of epistemological diversity. Rev. humanid. Valpso. [online]. 2021, n.17, pp.231-250.  Epub Aug 01, 2021. ISSN 0719-4234.

The philosophical transformation carried out Xavier Zubiri, especially in his mature work: Sentient intelligence allows to rethink the bases of rationality in structural unity with the senses, allowing a plurality of ways of accessing reality on its foundation (experience), and surpass, in that way, the monological rationality promoted by positivism and pragmatism. To this end, we move through the different landmarks of Zubiri’s work: first, the primordial apprehension of reality from its multiple sentient openings; then, we stop at the constitution of meaning by logos emphasizing how culture prioritize one type of sense (view, hear, touch, etc.) over the rest, forging a type of openness to reality and determining a horizon of meaning for it; later, we inquire into how reason accesses the foundation of the real, this allows us to show how the different rationalities settle their options for meaning. From here we contrast with religious rationality founded on historical-scientific criterion, and a strictly religious one, which, ultimately, allow us to finish systematizing and giving a unity of meaning to the previews proposals that were made. Finally, all this enables us to explore the consequences for a sociology of knowledge (Epistemologies of the South), and to think about the conditions of intercultural dialogue, and, subsequently, the scenarios of and interlogical construction.

Keywords : Sentient intelligence; reason; senses; reality; truth.

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