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Chilean journal of agricultural & animal sciences

versión impresa ISSN 0719-3882versión On-line ISSN 0719-3890

Resumen

MOYA-ELIZONDO, Ernesto; AUIL, Pablo; OYARZUA, Pía  y  GERDING G, Macarena. RESISTANCE OF Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis TO ION COPPER IN WALNUT ORCHARDS IN THE BIOBÍO REGION. Chil. j. agric. anim. sci. [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.1, pp.3-11. ISSN 0719-3882.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-38902018005000201.

The walnut blight disease, caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis (Xaj) severely affects walnut production in the Biobio Region in Chile. The disease control is based on the excessive use of cupric bactericides (12 to 14 spray applications during the growing season), which can generate resistance by the bacteria. This research evaluated the in vitro bacterial resistance of bacterial strains of Xaj to ion copper (Cu+2) at different concentrations. The strains were obtained from four orchards located in the Biobio Region. Levels of copper resistance were higher than those previously reported in Chile, irrespective of the copper bactericides used (copper sulfate pentahy-drate, copper hydroxide, and copper (I) oxide). Sensible isolates of Xaj were observed in three of the four walnut orchards sampled.

Palabras clave : blight disease; copper resistance; walnut.

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