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vol.33 número2PRODUCTIVIDAD, RESULTADO ECONÓMICO Y RIESGO DE SISTEMAS LECHEROS EN EL CENTRO-NORTE DE ARGENTINAPRE-COMPACTACIÓN Y ACONDICIONAMIENTO ORGANICO PARA LA RECULTIVACIÓN DE UN SUELO DE TEXTURA GRUESA (TYPIC XEROCHREPTS) DISTURBADO POR EXTRACCIÓN DE ÁRIDOS índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chilean journal of agricultural & animal sciences

versión impresa ISSN 0719-3882versión On-line ISSN 0719-3890

Resumen

CUELLAS, Marisol Virginia. PERI-URBAN HORTICULTURE, ANALYSIS OF SOIL FERTILITY IN GREENHOUSES. Chil. j. agric. anim. sci. [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.2, pp.163-173. ISSN 0719-3882.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-38902017005000502.

The peri-urban horticulture of Gran La Plata produces fresh vegetables for 13 million inhabitants. Although production is located close to the city, it presents problems associated with technological processes, and represents a fragile production system with a high environmental impact risk. Soils used for the production of horticultural crops under cover are classified as Vertic Argiudol and Typic Hapludert. A large number of species, mainly tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), peppers (Capsicum annuum. L.) and lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), are grown without conducting soil tests and applying high amounts of fertilizers and/or amendments, which results in environmental (pollution, degra dation) and productive (induced deficits, high costs) consequences. This study aimed at making a diagnosis of the chemical soil fertility, using routine soils tests, and determining its relationship with crop development. In most cases, salinization (average 4 dS m1), alkalization and sodification (PSI 18%), as well as loss of organic matter (average 3.4%) and hyperfertilization (P concentrations up to 535 mg kg-1) affected crops. Therefore, if soil management continues without proper adjustment to soil types and crop requirements, not only vegetable production will be seriously affected, but contamination and degradation will also increase.

Palabras clave : induced deficiency; salinization; sodification; hyperfertilization; vegetables.

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