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Chilean journal of agricultural & animal sciences

Print version ISSN 0719-3882On-line version ISSN 0719-3890

Abstract

DONOSO, Sergio; GADICKE, Paula  and  LANDAETA, Carlos. ZOONOSIS TRANSMITTED BY FOOD CAN AFFECT ITS EPIDEMIOLOGY, AS A RESULT OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND PROCESSES OF GLOBALIZATION. Chil. j. agric. anim. sci. [online]. 2016, vol.32, n.2, pp.149-156. ISSN 0719-3882.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-38902016000200008.

The objective of this review was to evaluate the effects of climate change and globalization on the epidemiological behavior of zoonosis transmitted by food. Globalization has affected people's habits and has led to an increased transport of passengers and movement of animals, greater availability of foods and an increase in the international trade of foods, ingredients and raw materials, resulting in an increased spread of pathological agents. The changes in temperatures and the increased frequency of extreme climatological events, such as severe droughts and flooding, have affected pathogens that can be transmitted by food, leading to the disappearance of old pathogens and emergence of new pathogens in foods. Since climate change and globalization are constant and dynamic processes, further research and support from world organizations for food and human and animal health are needed to determine the effect of these phenomena on zoonosis transmitted by foods.

Keywords : zoonosis; globalization; climate change; foods; diseases.

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