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 número63RESPUESTAS DE LOS PAÍSES DEL PACÍFICO SURAMERICANO ANTE LA MIGRACIÓN VENEZOLANA: ESTUDIO COMPARADO DE POLÍTICAS MIGRATORIAS EN COLOMBIA, ECUADOR Y PERÚANARQUISTAS "EN MOVIMIENTO". REDES DE CIRCULACIÓN E INTERCAMBIO EN EL NORTE GRANDE, 1900-1930 índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Diálogo andino

versión On-line ISSN 0719-2681

Resumen

ARAVENA, Pablo  y  COBOS, Eduardo. TACNA AND ARICA: VISUALISATIONS, PLEBISCITE AND NEW BORDER IN VALPARAISO'S LA UNIÓN, 1922. Diálogo Andino [online]. 2020, n.63, pp.235-248. ISSN 0719-2681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812020000300235.

This investigation aims to look at certain issues related to Chile's national discourse at the beginning of the twentieth century, focusing our attention on a wide-ranging report about Arica and Tacna published in installments in the newspaper La Unión in December 1922. A moment of diplomatic tension between Peru and Chile whose backdrop was the possible definition of the new northern border's boundaries through a plebiscite. This kind of report - whose effectiveness was based on bringing photographic images and text- was used as a journalistic position that corresponded with the alliance between the State and the press over the policies of "Chilenisation" to create and encourage nationalist sentiment after the War of the Pacific. In this sense, the report's strategic intention in La Unión consisted in replicating a preconceived and stereotypical general idea that held that it was con venient for the occupied territories still in dispute to continue under Chilean rule since the country was better suited to bringing progress and modernization. These interests had become essential for Valparaiso's elite, the audience at which the newspaper was aiming in particular.

Palabras clave : Plebiscite; journalistic reports; Chilenisation; the new northern border.

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