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Diálogo andino

On-line version ISSN 0719-2681

Abstract

ZAVALA CEPEDA, José Manuel; DILLEHAY, Tom D.  and  MEDIANERO SOTO, Francisco Javier. GOLD ECONOMY, ROADS AND FORTS IN THE XVI CENTURY ARAUCANÍA (NGÜLÜMAPU): ON THE 1579 INFORMATION OF MARTÍN RUÍZ DE GAMBOA. Diálogo Andino [online]. 2020, n.61, pp.27-39. ISSN 0719-2681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812020000100027.

Taking as a thread the information sent to Viceroy Toledo by Martín Ruíz de Gamboa in 1579, this article analyzes the relationship between the gold economy, defensive structures and communication channels in the 16th-century Araucanía (Ngülümapu). The fragility of the Spanish occupation system is shown, but at the same time its great territorial extension and the operability of com munication systems between enclaves, outposts, mining operations and indigenous settlements. It is a model in which the war and the gold economy coexist and overlap and where the Spanish occupation is established on the basis of infrastructure, populations, economic resources and indigenous institutions pre-existing to said occupation.

Keywords : 16th century Araucanía; Colonial Mining; Forts 16th century; Martín Ruíz de Gamboa; Colonial Roads; 16th century Mapuche.

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