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Si Somos Americanos

versión On-line ISSN 0719-0948

Resumen

GARCIA ZAMORA, Rodolfo; GASPAR OLVERA, Selene  y  GARCIA MACIAS, Pascual. Migration policies in Mexico with respect to the change of government (2018-2024). Si Somos Americanos [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.2, pp.186-208. ISSN 0719-0948.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-09482020000200186.

For more than forty years, the international migration of Mexicans to the United States has represented an escape valve in terms of economic problems. However, there was no concern on the part of previous Mexican governments to design public policies for economic development, migration and human rights that could impact the structural causes of such migratory flows. Rather, migration policies have been partial, reactive and overdue, while also forming part of the security policies of the Mexican State. Moreover, they have not considered the structural causes of migration, nor the human rights of all migrants who have left, arrived, passed through or returned to Mexico. The new Mexican government has thus faced the double challenge of creating and implementing a new national, sovereign, employment, equity and human security development strategy for all. This has also been accompanied by a State policy on comprehensive development, migration and human rights that responds to the seven migratory dimensions of the country as a place of origin, transit, destination, return, the increasing displacement of migrants, asylum and refuge. Furthermore, an important component is the integration of Central American migration due to the increasing importance this already has in various dimensions of the different population flows taking place in the country.

Palabras clave : migration policies; migration; neoliberalism.

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