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Pensamiento educativo

versão impressa ISSN 0717-1013versão On-line ISSN 0719-0409

Resumo

ROMO, Javiera  e  CUMSILLE, Patricio. Characterization of Students with Interrupted Educational Trajectories in a Sample of Reentry Schools Through Latent Class Analysis. Pensam. educ. [online]. 2020, vol.57, n.1, pp.1-21. ISSN 0717-1013.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7764/pel.57.1.2020.4.

Primary and Secondary education in Chile is obligatory and the right to access gratatious education is guaranteed by the Political Constitution of the Republic. It is therefore the duty of the State to ensure universal access to formal and gratatious educational establishments. It is estimated that between 139,000 and 358,000 young people between six and 21 are outside the Chilean educational system. The goal of this study was to characterize students who dropped out of the regular school system and are currently attending re-entry schools. Using Latent Class Analysis we identified this population as a heterogeneous group of youths forming three distinct groups: newcomers, seniors, and complex. The characteristics of this population are different from two other comparative groups attending Preventive Programs and Socio-educational Programs. The students of re-entry schools are a group formed mostly by males who hastily leave formal education and with different amounts of school retardation. They have sociodemographic characteristics that hinder their educational trajectory-such as monetary poverty-but they have a low frequency of problems with the law and social protection measures.

Palavras-chave : interrupted educational trajectory; latent class analysis; re-entry schools; school dropout.

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