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Perspectiva Educacional

versão On-line ISSN 0718-9729


SANHUEZA RODRIGUEZ, Alexis Andrés; PAGES BLANCH, Joan  e  GONZALEZ-MONFORT, Neus. Teaching History and Social Sciences for the social justice of Mapuche people: the social memory about the malon and the awkan during the Occupation of the Araucanía. Perspect. educ. [online]. 2019, vol.58, n.2, pp.3-22. ISSN 0718-9729.

In this article we argue that including social memory in the teaching of history and social sciences for the social justice of the Mapuche people, helps to counteract the control exercised over meanings. In addition, it helps to add complexity to the stories prescribed by the curriculum and the negative representations that are distributed by School texts. The research is qualitative and takes place in an Andean mapunche community in the Panguipulli area, Los Ríos Region, Chile. The research process consisted in the application of narrative interviews and the documentary analysis of a primary source around the so-called Occupation of the Araucanía. The Findings allow us to visualize other knowledge and meanings from the mapunche perspective on the school content "Ocupación de la Araucanía". The conclusions challenge teacher education in order to teach Mapuche People's History from “a social justice perspective.

Palavras-chave : teaching of history; First Nation; mapuche people; social memory; social justice.

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