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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versão On-line ISSN 0718-9516

Resumo

KIM HOANG, Khuyen Thi  e  MARSCHNER, Petra. Plant and microbial-induced changes in P pools in soil amended with straw and inorganic P. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2017, vol.17, n.4, pp.1088-1101. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162017000400018.

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of soil amendments on P pools and their depletion by plants and microbes. The experiment was divided into two parts. In Part A, barley straw (C/P 255) was added alone or with inorganic P to reduce the C/P ratio to 127 or 25 (straw treatments). In three other treatments, the same amount of P was added as in the straw treatments as inorganic P (fertilizer treatments). The soil was incubated for three weeks. Then (Part B), wheat was grown for five weeks in one set of soils. Barley straw was added to another set to increase microbial growth and incubated moist for three weeks. P pools were measured at the end of Part A and Part B. At the end of Part A all P pools increased with P addition rate. P pools were greater in the fertilizer than the straw treatments except for microbial biomass P (MBP) which was greater in the straw treatments. After wheat growth, HCl-P, phosphatase-P, citrate-P, CaCl2-P were depleted compared to Part A, MBP was higher. Addition of barley straw in Part B induced depletion of HCl-P, and citrate-P, but increased phosphatase-P, CaCl2-P and MBP. It is concluded that the size of the P pools is mainly influenced by P addition rate not form in which P is added. The impact of growing plants on P pools differs from that of microbes stimulated by high C/P straw addition.

Palavras-chave : Accumulation; C/P ratio; depletion; P pools; straw.

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