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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versión On-line ISSN 0718-9516


PARRA, Leonardo; CHACON-FUENTES, Manuel; LIZAMA, Marcelo  y  QUIROZ, Andrés. Incidence of Listronotus bonariensis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in ryegrass pastures from southern Chile. New background. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2017, vol.17, n.1, pp.91-98. ISSN 0718-9516.

The Argentine stem weevil, Listronotus bonariensis, is an important pest in pastures, especially ryegrass (Lolium sp.), compromising grassland persistence and productivity. Both, adult and specially larvae cause severe damage, action that generate the death of the tiller and reducing forage production. Chemical control has limited effectiveness in adult’s insect and negative effects on the environmental and toxicity to pollinators when applied close to the flowering period is observed. Therefore, the main currently strategy is based on the use of cultivars of Lolium endophyte fungus-infected with Neothypodium genus. However, over a decade that there are no reports on the presence of this weevil in southern Chile. Hence, the aim of this research was report the actual incidence of L. bonariensis in ryegrass pastures. The results of two years of prospecting showed that this weevil is currently causing damage to the ryegrass pastures indicating that the effectiveness of species infected with the fungus must be evaluated.

Palabras clave : Damage; immature stage; endophyte; weevil.

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