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Revista chilena de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-8560

Resumen

CARDONA R., Hellen; JIMENEZ A., Alejandra  y  VITERY R., Jenny. Funtional evaluation during hospitalization of older patients with cardiovascular disease. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2022, vol.41, n.1, pp.10-18. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602022000100010.

Introduction:

A cardiovascular event can reduce or alter the functional capacity of people affecting the physical capacity, and the performance in family, social and work environments. The WHO has defined the health of older adults by their functional capacity and not by their limitations, disabilities or illnesses. Therefore, the quality of life of older adults is closely related to the functional capacity and the set of conditions that allow them to participate in their own self-care, in social and family life. The aim of this study was to explore the existing evidence in the last decade about the tests and scales of functionality used in older adults with cardiovascular disease receiving physical therapy during hospitalization.

Methods:

The Scoping Review methodology was used. Mesh and DeCS/MeSH terms included were cardiac, rehabilitation, cardiovascular disease, physical therapy, elderly, inpatient and functionality. The review followed the PRISMA model to sort and synthesize the results. The databases consulted were: Pubmed, Scielo, Science direct and Scopus, Lilacs, PeDro.

Results:

20 articles were selected in which it was identified that the most used functional assessment scales were: The 6-minute walk test, the Independence scale (FIM) and the Health Perception scale (SF-36).

Conclusion:

In older patients the functional tests identified allowed to detect significant improvements in functional capacity following cardiac rehabilitation.

Palabras clave : Elderly functional; quality of life..

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