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Revista chilena de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-8560

Resumen

CARVALLO, María Teresa et al. Perception of cardiovascular risk in women after a rehabilitation program. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2021, vol.40, n.2, pp.114-120. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602021000200114.

Introduction:

After suffering a serious cardiovascular event (CV), cardiac rehabilitation is a process in which the patient establishes a close relationship with the medical team, providing an opportunity to learn about psychosocial factors that influence cardiac outcome and eventual learnings from the experience. The objective of this study was to learn about women´s perception of their own health after participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program.

Method:

35 women from 35 to 75 years of age with varying educational level, household income and employment status were invited to participate. Data was collected through semi-structured face-to-face interviews.

Results:

Women mentioned breast cancer as the leading cause of death (60%) despite having gone through a post-CV rehabilitation process. Stress was mentioned as the main CV risk factor (57%). Only 29% of responders subsequently carried out activities aimed at their management and control. The most common motivations for making changes in habits, were family care (29%), living longer (26%) and a desire to feel better (23%).

Conclusion:

These results suggest the need for a more comprehensive education in women during rehabilitation, promoting not only healthier habits from a physical but also from a psychological points of view. The introduction of stress management into CV prevention and rehabilitation programs is suggested.

Palabras clave : cardiovascular health; cardiac rehabilitation; stress; risk factors; women.

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