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Revista chilena de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 0718-8560

Abstract

MENDOZA-TORRES, Evelyn et al. Cardiovascular Diseases and cancer: ¿mutually related entities?. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2019, vol.38, n.1, pp.54-63. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602019000100054.

Cardiovascular diseases and cancer are culturally transmitted chronic diseases and the two main causes of death globally. In addition to their high morbidity and mortality, these diseases are closely related, due to their common risk factors and biological mechanisms. The high incidence of cardiovascular diseases in cancer patients is widely known phenomenon, which has oriented the development of the interdisciplinary field of cardio-oncology Nonetheless, there is emerging evidence in the last decade suggesting a potential role for cardiovascular diseases in the onset of cancer. A recent publication by Meijers et al in the scientific cardiovascular journal Circulation showed that heart failure significantly contributes to tumor growth, confirming previous epidemiological findings suggesting this hypothesis. Moreover, this study indicates that tumor growth may be stimulated by the secretion of factors from the failing heart, opening a wide spectrum of research areas in what may be suggested as a new field in medicine that would seek to develop new strategies to treat and prevent cancer in patients with cardiovascular diseases. This article will review shared risk factor and common cellular and molecular pathways in cardiovascular diseases and cancer, the contribution of Meijers et al to a better understanding of the connection of these diseases and future perspectives in light of the new evidence.

Keywords : cardiovascular diseases; cancer; heart failure; risk factors.

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