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Revista chilena de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 0718-8560

Abstract

EDIAP, Luis et al. Infective endocarditis associated with hemodialysis catheters: clinical and ehocardiographic findings. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2017, vol.36, n.3, pp.221-231. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602017000300221.

Methods:

Between 2009 and 2014 an echocardiographic diagnosis of I.E. was established in 4 subjects with a hemodialysis catheter in place and 16 patients had a common variety of I.E. (controls). Clinical and echocardiographic findings, including echocardiographic modalities were compared between groups.

Results:

Time from onset of symptoms and time to patient death were shorter in I.E.-HDC patients compared to controls (mean 14.6 vs 20.6 days, respectively. I.E. -HDC patients tended to be older (65.0 vs 62.2 years old). The incidence of main comorbidities was higher in I.E.-HDC: hypertension (100% vs 56.2%), diabetes (75 vs 59%) and heart failure (75% vs 31.2%), respectively. Mortality was much higher in I.E-HDC (74% vs 18%). Infective agents also differed between groups: I.E.-HDC was associate to C albicans (50%), Gram negative rods (Stenotrophomonas maltophilia) (25%) y SAMR (25%). In contrast, the agents involved in controls were E faecalis (25%), S viridans (12.5%), S. group C (6.25%), S aureus (6,25%), group C Streptococcus (6.25%), Abiotrophic defectiva (6.25%) and S pneumoniae (6.25%). Overall, blood cultures were negative in 31.2% patients. Among patients with I.E.-HDC vegetations were most commonly found at the right atrial wall (100%), on the catheter (50%), at the tricuspid valve (25%) and at the aortic valve (25%). In non I.E.-HDC, vegetations were located at the aortic valve (75%) and the mitral valve (25%). Half the patients with I.E.- HDC patients presented ventricular dysfunction and valvular regurgitation while control patients had predominantly valvular insufficiency (62.5%) or leaflet perforation (25%).

Conclusion:

Mortality in I.E.-HDC patients was very high, associated to the presence of aggressive microbial or fungal agents. Vegetations were most commonly located at the right atrial wall, around de junction with the inferior vena cava and on the catheter itself.

Keywords : endocarditis; renal dialysis; catheters; echocardiography.

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