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Revista chilena de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 0718-8560

Abstract

POTTHOFF, Marcelo et al. Midterm results of overlapping stents implantation in patients with ST elevation Myocardial Infarction. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2017, vol.36, n.3, pp.194-199. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602017000300194.

Background:

Coronary angioplasty using two overlapping (OL) stents is a frequent practice at the cath laboratory, however the impact this strategy has on patient prognosis and the preferred stent type are largely unknown.

Aim:

To evaluate 2-year outcomes of STEMI patients who underwent treatment with OL stents and assess the impact of different types of stents combinations:(BMS/BMS), (BMS/DES), or (DES/DES). Methods: Patients presenting with STEMI undergoing primary angioplasty with 2 OL stents between January 2012 to May 2016 were included. Baseline and procedural information was collected, clinically-driven new revascularizations were recorded, and 2-year survival status was confirmed from the national database registry. OL stents technique was defined as a segment with a double layer of stents of at least 1 mm and less than 5 mm long. Statistical analyses were performed with SPSS v21.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA), at with p<=0.05 being considered significant.

Results:

Of 2403 STEMI patients treated within this period, in 312 (13%) the OL was used. Mean

age was 68 ± 6.6 years. 71% males. Type 2 diabetesmellitus was present in 37%, arterial hypertension in 65%, smoking in 41%, dyslipidemia in 29% and previously treated coronary heart disease (either CABG or PCI) in 18% of patients. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) as assessed by 2D Simpson method was 48±3.5%. Indications for overlapping stents were plaque extension in 72%, edge dissection after stent implantation in 22.5%, and plaque displacement in 5.5%. One, 2 or 3 vessels disease was present in 23%, 34% and 43%, respectively. Thirty-eight percent of patients were treated with 2 BMS stents, 26% with BMS/DES stents and 36% with two DES stents. The mean stent diameter and length were 2.8 ± 2.6 mm and 41.3 ± 6.4 mm, respectively, with no difference between the 3 groups. Post procedure target vessel revascularization was 8% for BMS/BMS, 5.2% for BMS/DES and 2% for DES/DES groups (p=0.02). Two-year cardiovascular mortality was 11% for the BMS/BMS group, 8% for the BMS/DES group and 6% for the DES/DES (p <0.01). BMS/BMS combination was associated with a greater cardiovascular 2-year mortality in both univariate (OR 5.2, 95% CI 2.0-17.9, p <0.01) and multivariate analyses ([OR 5.5, 95% CI 1.9-21.0, p <0.01]). After excluding early mortality cases during the first week (due to their overall severity at presentation), 2-year cardiovascular mortality in the BMS/BMS group had an adjusted OR of 5.9, 95% CI 2.1-19.5 (p< 0.01). There were no differences between the treatment with 2 OL DES stents and the treatment with BMS/DES.

Conclusion:

Overlapping stent technique is a common practice in our cath lab, mainly driven by an initial unfavorable result with the first stent. The reported findings suggest that midterm results are better when at least on of the imbricated stents is These results are in agreement with recent reports on the subject.

Keywords : coronary artery angioplasty; ST elevation myocardial infarction; overlapping stents.

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