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Revista chilena de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 0718-8560


VEGA, Julián et al. Factors associated with low gradient in severe aortic valve stenosis with preserved ejection fraction. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2017, vol.36, n.2, pp.97-105. ISSN 0718-8560.

Introduction: Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most prevalent valvular heart disease in developed countries. Symptomatic severe AS requires surgical intervention, and its echocardiographic criteria encompass: Aortic valve area (AVA) < 1.0 cm2, aortic mean gradient (MG) > 40 mmHg, peak aortic jet velocity > 4 m/s. Usually there is agreement among these criteria, but several reasons can cause up to 40% discordant results, mainly between AVA an MG, casting doubt about severity in the setting of preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (pLVEF). Objectives: Characterize patients with severe AS. Assess prevalence and factors related to AG discordance (AGD) in patients with pLVEF. Methods: Cross-sectional study, that included all patients with an AVA <1.0 cm2 during the last 17.5 years in UC health network. Bio-demographic and echocardiographic variables were registered. Patients with severe AS and pLVEF where allocated in 2 subgroups according to the MG as low (<40 mmHg) and high (>40 mmHg), 2 sides t-student and chi-squared test were performed. Results: 1281 patients fulfill criteria of AVA<1.0 cm2. Age 71.8±13 years, women 51.4%, male 48.6%, LVEF 68.71 ± 14.62%. pLVEF 89.2%. Low MG group: Age 81.66 ± 6.56 y, women 56.3%, atrial fibrillation (AF) 14.1%. High MG group: Age 68.08 ± 13.21 y, women 47.6%, AF 8%. AGD prevalence was 42.5%. Factors related to low MG with pLVEF were; advance age (>70 y), women and AF. Conclusions: Severe AS occurs mainly in advance age patients with pLVEF. AGD is frequent and the foremost related factor is AF.

Keywords : Aortic valve stenosis; Echo-cardiography Doppler; Heart Valve Diseases.

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