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Revista chilena de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-8560


RIQUELME, Jaime et al. Dexmedetomidine protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury by an endothelial eNOS/NO dependent mechanism. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2016, vol.35, n.1, pp.41-48. ISSN 0718-8560.

Myocardial infarction is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and is generated as a consequence of ischemia-reperfusion (IR). Myocardial damage inflicted by IR can be attenuate by early ische-mic pre-conditioning (IP), which is mediated by the RISK pathway or late IP, which is associated to a genomic response involving the activation of proteins such as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The signaling pathways mediating IP can also be pharmacologically activated. Dexmedetomidine (Dex) is an alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonist, which has been described as a strong cardio protective agent against IR. Recently, our group reported that Dex requires the endothelium and the activation of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-ni-tric oxide (NO) pathway to precondition the myocardium. However, there are no studies showing the involvement of iNOS in the protection elicited by Dex. The aim of this Addendum is to evaluate if Dex activates iNOS in the heart and cardiomyocytes. To test this, adult rat hearts were stimulated with Dex 10 nM and we observed that NO production measured by quantification of nitrites was increased, but Dex did not activate iNOS measured by Western blot. Moreover, Dex did not induce an increase in the mRNA levels of iNOS in adult cardiomyocytes. Therefore, Dex generates NO independent of iNOS during its early pre-conditioning effect. Nevertheless, more studies are required to clarify its role in a possible long term protection against IR generated by Dex.

Palabras clave : Dexmedetomidine; Heart; iNOS; pre-conditioning; ischemia-reperfussion.

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