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Revista chilena de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-8560

Resumen

KANACRI, Andrés et al. Acute changes in Right Atrial funcion after Iloprost inhalation in patients with Pulmonary Hypertension:: a study using image deformation techniques. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2015, vol.34, n.2, pp.100-105. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602015000200003.

Background: The effects of inhaled prostanoids on right atrial (RA) function in patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) have not been studied. We evaluated acute changes in RA function and right ventricular diastolic function after inhaled iloprost.  Methods: We included PAH patients without prior prostanoid treatment. A surface echocardiogram was performed at baseline and 30 minutes after iloprost inhalation. Measurements included RA dimensions, right E/e’ ratio and RA strain by speckle tracking, registering a RA contraction wave (RASa) and RA reservoir wave (RASs). RA time to peak of deformation during the reservoir phase was also measured.  Results: We included 16 patients (15 females, aged 44±7.8 years. Post iloprost there was a reduction in RA volume (baseline: 140ml, post iloprost: 109ml; p 0.008) and right ventricular filling pressure (baseline E/e’: 13, post iloprost: 9.8; p 0.028). There was no difference in the magnitude of the RASa wave (baseline: -8.4%, post iloprost: -8.5%; p 0.834). The RASs wave was larger post iloprost (baseline: 8.6%, post iloprost: 11.7%; p 0.002), and began earlier (baseline RA time to peak of deformation during reservoir phase: 445ms, post iloprost: 368ms; p 0.001). Conclusion: Inhaled iloprost acutely reduces RA size and right ventricular filling pressure in patients with HAP It also significantly increases the magnitude of RA systolic deformation as well as making it occur earlier in RA filling phase. This suggests that iloprost might improve RA mechanical performance.

Palabras clave : iloprost; pulmonary arterial hypertension; echocardiography; right atrial function.

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