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Revista chilena de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 0718-8560

Abstract

NOVOA, Ulises et al. Angiotensin (1-9) decreases renal damage in hypertension with low renin. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2014, vol.33, n.3, pp.198-206. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602014000300005.

Angiotensin [Ang] - (1-9) decreases blood pressure (BP) and cardiac remodeling in renin independent hypertension. There are not studies about the effect of Ang- (1-9) in the progression of hypertensive renal damage by volume overload (low-renin). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Ang- (1-9) on renal damage in volume overload hypertensive rats by (DOCA-salt rats). Methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats, 150 ± 10 g, were uni-nephrectomized and treated with DOCA (60mg/Kg) 2 times per week, for 4 weeks. Uninephrec-tomized rats were used as controls (Sham). From the 2nd week on DOCA rats with systolic blood pressure (SBP)> 140 mmHg received vehicle or Ang- (1-9) [602 ng / kg min] for 2 weeks (Alzet minipump). Inflammatory and profibrotic renal damage was evaluated by the presence of infiltrating macrophages and interstitial myofibroblasts. Results: Compared to rats receiving vehicle renal damage in DOCA-salt rats decreased when they received Ang- (1-9), as evidenced by a significant decrease in infiltrating macrophages and myofibroblasts in the renal interstitium. Mas and AT2 receptor blockade had no additional effect. The SBP, body mass (BM), mass of the right kidney (MR) and relative renal mass (MRR) were also determined. Conclusion: in this experimental model, Ang-(1-9) decreased hypertension and significantly reduced macrophage infiltration and the appearance of myofibroblasts in the renal interstitium. These results are the first evidence that Ang-(1-9) reduces renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis and hypertensive renal damage.

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