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Revista chilena de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-8560

Resumen

GONZALEZ, Marcela  y  PEDRERO, Víctor. Interventional strategies to improve quality of life in patients with Heart Failure. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2013, vol.32, n.2, pp.134-140. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602013000200008.

Aim: to analyze interventional strategies that have been used to improve quality of life in patients with heart failure Methods: through a review of the Pubmed, Co-chrane Library, Proquest and CiNHAL data bases 99 papers published in the last 10 years were found. Among them, 40 randomized control studies, meta-analysis or systematic reviews were selected for the analysis Results: education (symptoms and signs recognition, adherence to drug treatments, life style changes, daily wieghing, etc), phone or video calls (adjustment of diuretic therapy) and activities designed to improvephysical condition were the most effective interventions. A multi-disciplinary approach using these interventions has a positive effect on subscales of quality of life (physical function, general and mental health) as well as upon the physical dimension overall score. In turn, these effects are related to a decreased risk of re-admision for heart failure. Conclusion: Educational interventions along with aimed at improving the physical condition effectively improve the quality of life and reduce de risk of re-admission in patients with heart failure.

Palabras clave : Heart Failure; quality of life; health education; selfcare.

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