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Revista INVI

versión On-line ISSN 0718-8358


FUENTES HERNANDEZ, Pablo  y  PEREZ BUSTAMANTE, Leonel. Compañía de Acero del Pacífico, CAP. The establishment of a housing urban model in the inter-municipality of Concepción. Revista INVI [online]. 2018, vol.33, n.93, pp.71-96. ISSN 0718-8358.

The development of the iron industry in Chile, which has played a key role in the modernization of the country, has historically been associated with the emergence of housing settlements for workers, thus generating different housing-industry and dweller-supervisor relationships. By the mid-20th century, the consolidation of the inter-municipality of Concepción as an industrial center and the contribution made by Compañía de Acero del Pacífico -CAP- gave rise to important housing developments. This paper explores the spatial aspects of these relationships and their urban contribution. These projects saw the emergence of new architectural typologies that expanded beyond the historical city, generating new neighborhood units that altered the public space and incorporating green areas to create a spatial link between these areas. This research identifies four typologies: adaptation within the traditional city, the first functional city implemented in Chile (CIAM), neighborhood units and segregated housing developments. It is observed that factors such as paternalism, cooperativism and social mobility are influenced by control, power and identity. These aspects, based on rationalist principles, although appropriated at the neighborhood scale, gave shape to the inter-municipality of Concepción up until the 1970s.

Palabras clave : housing developments; modern architecture; industrial heritage.

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