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Psicoperspectivas

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6924

Resumen

VARGAS, Nelson et al. ¿To what extent do parental mentalization and socioeconomic status predict children's language skills?. Psicoperspectivas [online]. 2016, vol.15, n.1, pp.169-190. ISSN 0718-6924.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/psicoperspectivas-Vol15-Issue1-fulltext-690.

Linguistic competence develops mainly during the first years of a child and influences the way in which he gets along with her family, peers, other adults and in school contexts, and have a significant impact in the acquisition of formal and informal learning skills. This research studies the influence that the parent’s mentalization and the socio-economic status have on the level of language skills attained by that child when he is 30 months old. Subjects were eighty-five children and their respective care providers from different socio-economic status, all residents of Santiago de Chile. We applied the Bayley III Language Scale and an instrument to assess mentalization. Our results show that parent’s mentalization assessed at the age of 12 months and the socio-economic status influence the language skills of the same children when they become 30 months old. Language receptive ability at the age of 12 months is also a predictor of the same at the age of 30 months, but not so of language expressive ability. We discuss the results obtained and their implications

Palabras clave : early infancy; adult’s mentalization; socio-economic status.

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