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Psicoperspectivas

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6924

Resumen

ESPINOZA DIAZ, Oscar; CASTILLO, Dante; GONZALEZ FIEGEHEN, Luis  y  SANTA CRUZ, Juan Carlos. Adult education and social inclusion in Chile. Psicoperspectivas [online]. 2014, vol.13, n.3, pp.69-81. ISSN 0718-6924.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/psicoperspectivas-Vol13-Issue3-fulltext-393.

Despite the large number of people with incomplete schooling currently observed in Chile, back-to-school programs have not been a government priority. This article analyzes the profiles of students that use this type of programs, and the degree to which this leads to social inclusion and dynamics. In order to characterize them, we used a survey filled out by beneficiaries of back-to-school programs and a social inclusion index. The analysis of these programs reveals a complex reality, with large differences, both across the various types of programs and inside them. Some people do integrate into the system. They have a steady job and up bring their families, while some others are more vulnerable and at social risk. These situations map into a wide spectrum of social problems, different levels of societal and job insertion, and unequal future expectations. These differences reveal different degrees of inclusion or exclusion at the system level, which in turn compel the Administration to deal with adult education, facing that there is a diversity of realities, regardless of the level of vulnerability of this population.

Palabras clave : adult education; back-to-school programs; social inclusion; poverty.

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