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vol.36 número1UN MODELO NULO PARA EXPLICAR LAS ASOCIACIONES DE ESPECIES DE CRUSTÁCEOS ZOOPLANCTÓNICOS EN AGUAS INTERIORES DE LA PATAGONIA CENTRAL Y SUR índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia

versión On-line ISSN 0718-686X

Resumen

MANCILLA, Verónica; HENRIQUEZ, Juan Marcos  y  VERA, Jorge. BIODIVERSITY OF MACROFUNGI OF THE MAGALLANES NATIONAL RESERVE. Anales Instituto Patagonia (Chile) [online]. 2008, vol.36, n.1, pp.35-44. ISSN 0718-686X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-686X2008000100003.

The present study delivers qualitative precedents on the richness and abundance of macro- fungi existing in plant communities of the National Reserve Magallanes. It was realized between January to May 2005 on four plant communities (forest of lenga, forest of coigüe, murtillar and humid grassland. In every community there were delimited permanent plots, in which by means of random quadrants the richness and abundance of macrofungi were evaluated from time to time every 14 days. Parallel intensive sampling realized what allowed to complement the list of species. In whole there was identified a whole of 40 species considering both samplings. The study demonstrated that la major richness and abundance of macrofungi appears in forest communities, being superior in the plots relieved in coigüe. In the bushes did not register individuáis. The most abundant species was Russula nothofaginea. On the other hand, Coprinus disseminatus was the present species in major quantity of environments. An analysis of the seasonal variation of the fructifications allows to conclude that the major diversity of macromicetes appears in May. The results valídate the hypothesis that the forests the forests of coigüe present the major abundance of macro fungicompared with other plant communities. Nevertheless, the intensive samplings, considering mixed forests and diverse environments, the richness of species increases in the trees caducifolios basins. On the other hand, it estimates that the climatic extreme conditions presented in this study (snow early and temperatures cool) could affect the diversity of macro fungi in the different communities.

Palabras clave : biodiversity; macrofungi; Magallanes.

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