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Revista de derecho (Valparaíso)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6851

Resumen

WILENMANN, Javier. Women’s Consent and the System of the Crime of Abortion. Revista de Derecho de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso [online]. 2013, n.40, pp.281-319. ISSN 0718-6851.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-68512013000100009.

The article provides a rational reconstruction of the crime of abortion in the Chilean law. Based on the verification of special treatment that the Criminal Code gives to women, the article gives an interpretation of the crime of abortion by women, compatible with a special characteristic: the crime of abortion by women is not a commissive injury crime, but a breach of a mandate of solidarity with the fetus, which is justified by the need of keeping the pregnancy condition for her/his survival. This allows identifying situations in which the definition of crime is applicable and those which, due to the nature of the obligation of women (mandate of solidarity by necessity), it is not applicable. The article also deals with the intricate problems of perpetration and participation posed by the system of the crime of abortion in our country.

Palabras clave : Abortion; Consent; Mandate of solidarity; Special crimes.

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