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Chilean journal of agricultural research

versión On-line ISSN 0718-5839

Resumen

DIAZ-SANCHEZ, Deisy D. et al. Pungency and fruit quality in Mexican landraces of piquín pepper (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum) as affected by plant growth environment and postharvest handling. Chil. j. agric. res. [online]. 2021, vol.81, n.4, pp.546-556. ISSN 0718-5839.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392021000400546.

The variability in fruit pungency, size and quality was analyzed in 31 landraces of piquín pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill) collected from 10 Mexican states. The response of fruits collected in situ and harvested in greenhouse was compared. Pungency was estimated by measuring capsaicinoids content with HPLC. Additionally, pungency was recorded along fruit maturity stages in greenhouse-grown fruits. On average, greenhouse- produced fruits were markedly more pungent than fruit collected from field locations (29 485 vs. 6114 SHU). Field- collected fruits averaged 5017 μg mL-1 capsaicin content, while dihydrocapsaicin averaged 7618 μg mL-1. In contrast, greenhouse-harvested fruits contained substantially more capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin (34 762 and 26 174 μg mL-1, respectively), while the capsaicin:dihydrocapsaicin ratio inverted. The three most pungent field-collected landraces averaged 35% of the pungency measured in the three most pungent greenhouse-grown fruits. Pungency increased as maturity stage advanced: green (14 813 SHU) < intermediate (24 767 SHU) < red (29 485 SHU). The fruits collected from 31 field locations had lower titratable acidity, higher content of total soluble solids, and higher maturity index than fruits harvested in greenhouse. Greenhouse harvested fruits were larger and heavier than those collected in the field.

Palabras clave : Capsaicinoids; fruit quality; fruit size; landraces; maturity stages; piquín pepper; pungency.

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