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vol.37 número1Edad y crecimiento del pez espada (Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758) en el Pacífico suroriental (Diciembre 1994-Septiembre 1996)Período de desove y fecundidad del pez espada (Xiphias gladius) capturado en el Pacífico suroriental índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Latin american journal of aquatic research

versión On-line ISSN 0718-560X

Resumen

CANCINO, Cecilia  y  BURGOS, Fernando. Ecomorphological considerations of the prey capture mechanism of Xiphias gladius (Linnaeus, 1758). Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res. [online]. 2009, vol.37, n.1, pp.17-28. ISSN 0718-560X.

This paper analyzes the prey capture mechanism of the swordfish (Xiphias gladius), assuming a RAM feeding mechanism and a wide dietary trophic spectrum. The complete cephalic región is studied, and the osteology and miology associated with the prey capture mechanism are described. A four-bar linkage model was applied to assess the efficiency of the mouth opening and a biokinetic model to evalúate the mouth closure efficiency. The majority of the neurocranial structures are displaced towards the posterior región, with a high degree of ossification and a prevalence of joints with beveled edges and sutures. The vertical bar of the suspensorium, which supports the opercular series and lower jaw are noteworthy. The premaxilla and maxilla are closely jointed, without any possibility of relative movement, although a primordial ligament remains. The configuration of the lever system of the adductor mandibulae muscle determines the biokinetic system, whose forcé transmission efficiency is around 30%) for the external fascicles (A2 +A3á) and 15% for the inner fascicle (A3ß). The kinetic transmission coefficient (K = q • r-1 ) is 9.75, whereas the forcé transmission coefficient (f = q • r-1 ) is 0.102. The morphofunctional design that allows the capture of fast-swimming prey is analyzed and discussed; the high kinematic transmission coefficient coincides with the valúes found for piscivorous fishes.

Palabras clave : Xiphias gladius; RAM feeding; functional morphology; biokinematic models; southeastem Pacific; Chile.

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