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Revista de estudios y experiencias en educación

On-line version ISSN 0718-5162

Abstract

CANGO COBOS, Ana  and  SUAREZ MONZON, Noemí. Drug consumption in Ecuadorian students. An alternative for prevention and resilient development of students from the school. Rev. estud. exp. educ. [online]. 2021, vol.20, n.44, pp.364-383. ISSN 0718-5162.  http://dx.doi.org/10.21703/0718-5162.v20.n43.2021.021.

Drug use among Ecuadorian adolescent students is a growing phenomenon that manifests itself at the cognitive, social and health levels. The background shows it as a multifactorial phenomenon, linked to other addictions, with greater presence in areas of extreme poverty and disadvantaged social environments. Being the school one of the centers that can contribute substantially in the decision making of adolescents who live in areas of drug cultivation, trafficking and consumption, there is still insufficient educational work to win the advance of this scourge. The problem was identified through a mixed cross-sectional study. A total of 360 surveys were applied to students between the ages of 12 and 15 years old and an interview was conducted with the academic authority of the educational institution where the research was carried out and the officer of the Student Counseling Department. More than 50% have at some point consumed drugs and there is evidence that leads to drug dependence in adolescents and, consequently, to the deterioration of their health. Given these findings, the objective is to diagnose the contextual situation of the educational unit under study and offer a system of extracurricular activities that seeks to prevent drug use and the resilient development of students. The feasibility of the proposal is concluded, because it is supported by specialists, as well as the need for teacher training to work as a team.

Keywords : Drug consumption; adolescent students; educational proposal; resilien.

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