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Izquierdas

versión On-line ISSN 0718-5049

Resumen

OVANDO SANTANA, Cristian  y  RAMOS RODRIGUEZ, Romina. Geopolitical expressions on the development of the borders of the Historic Tarapacá (1974-2018): Border mobility as a source of threat?. Izquierdas (Santiago) [online]. 2020, vol.49, 79.  Epub 24-Mar-2021. ISSN 0718-5049.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0718-50492020000100279.

The northern part of Chile has a geographical position that forces it to think about its development in the face of the neighbors with which it shares a border, also providing for an excessive distance from the political center and suffering from a centennial centralist culture. This spatial location has proved problematic for various central authorities, leading to oversizing the geopolitical factor in the design of their development strategies. This panorama is expressed more clearly from the military dictatorship, although persisting with nuances since the return to democracy. However, this work, from a critical perspective, seeks to identify the recurring presence of a classic geopolitical narrative within some development initiatives in the Tarapacá region. This is expressed in a series of public initiatives from 1974 to the present, focused on controlling the flows present in the periphery and underestimating the possibilities of border integration in the region, since it has tended to secure the borders, within the framework of neoliberal political projects.

Palabras clave : Classic and critical geopolitics; Tarapacá, development strategies; border mobility.

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