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Formación universitaria

On-line version ISSN 0718-5006


GARCIA-CANO, Lupe  and  COLAS-BRAVO, Pilar. Pedagogical factors that explain the engagement of university students with their studies. Form. Univ. [online]. 2020, vol.13, n.6, pp.181-190. ISSN 0718-5006.

The objective of this research study was to validate a scale to record pedagogical factors related to academic engagement of university students and their studies. The scale was composed of seven factors: motivation, values, opportunities, emotional state, engagement, management, and mood. The sample was taken from 532 students selected through random and stratified sampling. An exploratory factor analysis and a confirmatory factor analysis were performed. The results indicated that the factors in the scale explained 70% of the variance of the academic engagement construct. In addition, these factors showed high internal consistency. The confirmatory factor analysis corroborated the convergent and discriminatory validity of the scale. It is concluded that the scale had adequate psychometric properties to assess academic engagement of university students. Therefore, the scale is useful to diagnose university situations and contexts that require increased university student engagement with their learning process.

Keywords : academic engagement; higher education; university retention; exploratory factor analysis; confirmatory factor analysis.

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