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Formación universitaria

On-line version ISSN 0718-5006

Abstract

LOPEZ-LEYVA, Santos. Strengths and weaknesses of Latin American higher education for global competitiveness. Form. Univ. [online]. 2020, vol.13, n.5, pp.165-176. ISSN 0718-5006.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-50062020000500165.

The present study aims to examine the competitiveness of higher education in sixteen Latin American countries by analyzing World Economic Forum (WEF) data since 2011 to 2017. Eight WEF higher education indicators are reviewed. The results show that there is a correlation between higher education competitiveness with general competitiveness. The correlation is positive in fourteen countries and negative in two of them. The strengths of higher education competitiveness are found to be coverage, Internet access, local research, teacher training policies, and the quality in the management of universities. On the other hand, the weaknesses are quality of the education and teaching system of mathematics and science, which is the indicator with the worst behavior. It is concluded that higher education competitiveness in Latin American has improved considerably in regard to coverage rate.

Keywords : competitiveness; higher education; higher education coverage; higher education quality; higher education policies.

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