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Formación universitaria

versão On-line ISSN 0718-5006

Resumo

CARVAJAL, Cristian M.; GONZALEZ, José A.  e  SARZOZA, Silvia J.. Sociodemographic and Academic Variables Explaining Student`s Dropout in the Faculty of Natural Sciences of the University of Playa Ancha (Chile). Form. Univ. [online]. 2018, vol.11, n.2, pp.3-12. ISSN 0718-5006.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-50062018000200003.

This article presents an explanatory analysis, taking as an effect the university dropout and as causes a set of predictor variables. The study focused on students of the University of Playa Ancha in Chile. The objective of the study was the identification of the factors that significantly influence the desertion process of the students of the Playa Ancha University and quantify the individual effect of each predictor. Based on the dichotomy of the dependent variable, a logistic model with a binomial link function was used. The process of adjustment of the model was developed in two stages. First, the individual effects of each predictor variable were estimated, selecting among them the significant ones. Secondly, those having non-significant effects were discarded, following a parsimonious model. It is concluded that the variables that directly affect the dropout are the predictors of first order, Approved Branches (RA), List Order (OL), Civil Status (EC) and Parent Education (EP)

Palavras-chave : dropout; logistic model; higher education; educational inequality; statistical analysis.

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