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RLA. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada

versão On-line ISSN 0718-4883

Resumo

LAVALE-ORTIZ, RUTH M.. THE VARIANTS OF FIJO AS EPISTEMIC MARKS IN SPANISH: DIACHRONIC STUDY OF ITS DISTRIBUTION AND USE. RLA [online]. 2019, vol.57, n.1, pp.125-159. ISSN 0718-4883.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48832019000100125.

In this paper the lexical variants of fijo with epistemic value in Spanish are analyzed diachronically. The lexicographic and corpus study that has been carried out has allowed to discover 18 forms that have as base the adjective fijo and that show values of epistemic modality and evidentiality as a guiding thread, although with clear differences among them. These variants have been searched in the three corpus of the Spanish Royal Academy and the analysis of the available occurrences for each of them has allowed to distinguish recurrent contexts of appearance, as the process of routinization of the epistemic units states, and a special distribution for each form depending on dialect, vitality and register mainly. The study shows that the language does not create similar lexical forms in an arbitrary way, but each one specializes in representing the contents from a certain perspective and in expressing the reality with different nuances.

Palavras-chave : Epistemic modality; evidentiality; variation; Cognitive Linguistics.

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