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RLA. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4883

Resumen

PANUSSIS LYON, CONSTANZA  y  SAN MARTIN NUNEZ, ABELARDO. COMO (QUE) AND ITS DISCURSIVE FUNCTIONS IN THE SANTIAGO, CHILE SPEECH: PRAGMATIC AND SOCIOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS. RLA [online]. 2017, vol.55, n.2, pp.39-61. ISSN 0718-4883.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48832017000200039.

In this paper the pragmatic functions and the social stratification of como (que) with discursive value were analyzed, in a stratified sample of Santiago's speech; for this purpose, a corpus of 72 sociolinguistic interviews was reviewed. The results show that there are four functions of the particle como (que) in the analyzed corpus: 1) attenuation, 2) filling or retarding, 3) approximate and 4) reported speech marking, in the same order of statistical prevalence. The sociolinguistic analysis shows an association between the use of como (que) and the social factors considered. On the one hand, the use of como (que) is predominant in women's discourse compared to men's, especially with the attenuating and filling or retarding functions. On the other hand, the use of como (que) as discourse marker is predominantly juvenile. Likewise, a pre-eminent use was shown in subjects of the upper middle social group, in terms of relative frequency. However, evidence of statistical significance only ratifies the association with the social factors, sex and age of the subjects.

Palabras clave : Como (que); discursive variation; pragmatics; sociolinguistics; Chilean Spanish.

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