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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

 ISSN 0718-4816

CARDEMIL M., Felipe et al. Adherence to hearing aids use in Chilean older adults with hearing loss. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello []. 2020, 80, 4, pp.417-424. ISSN 0718-4816.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48162020000400417.

Introduction:

It is estimated that up to 30% of the population over 65 years of age present hearing loss. A validated intervention for hearing loss in older adults is the use of hearing aids, but the problem is that up to 50% of older adults do not use them.

Aim:

To estimate the hearing aid adherence in elderly population with hearing loss who are beneficiaries of the GES program “Bilateral hearing loss in people over 65 who require hearing aids” in a hospital in Santiago, Chile.

Material and Method:

The control arm of a randomized clinical trial was used to estimate adherence to hearing aid with validated and structured questionnaires, by trained interviewers who visited the beneficiaries of the program at three, six, nine and twelve months posterior to the intervention.

Results:

101 older adults were included. The average age was 76.3 years. When analyzing adherence as “use for more than 8 hours a day during the last two weeks”, adherence at 3 months was 56.8%, at 6 months 62.6%, at 9 months 63.2%, and at 12 months 54.5%. When analyzing considering use between 4-8 h/day, the adherence during the follow-up was between 73.8% and 87.3%. According to Dr. Yueh's questionnaire, adherence at 3 months was 64.7%, at 6 months 63.9%, at 9 months 73.7%, and at 12 months 67.8%.

Conclusion:

The results of the present analysis show an excellent adherence to hearing aids in a group of Chilean population, which represents a positive outcome regarding the effectiveness of this particular public policy.

: Hearing loss; hearing aids; adherence.

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