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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816

Resumen

SEDANO M, Cecilia; SAN MARTIN U, Alex  y  RAHAL E, Maritza. Nationwide status of early hearing detection programs: Aiming for universal coverage. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2018, vol.78, n.1, pp.9-14. ISSN 0718-4816.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75262018000100009.

Introduction:

50% of hearing-impared newborns do not have any associated risk factors; so early universal detection programs can change the prognosis of these patients. Universal newborn hearing screening consists in studying all newborns in a particular area, regardless of the presence of risk factors.

Aim:

Describe and analyze the presence of universal newborn hearing screening programs in Chile and its characteristics.

Material and method:

We identify establishments that have universal newborn hearing screening programs and sent them An electronic survey focusing on the structure of each program.

Results:

34 hospitals have universal newborn hearing screening. Of these, 31 answered the survey. 73% begun the program after 2010. The Ministry of Health provides financing in 46%. Audiologists and medical technicians majoring in otolariyngology are in charge of the vast majority of the programs. Available screening methods are distortion product otoacoustic emissions (90%) and automated Brainsteam evoked response audiometry (67.8%). As for the definitive diagnosis, 71% use Brainsteam evoked response audiometry click plus impedanciometry.

Conclusion:

50% of the hospitals with maternities have universal hearing screening; most of them are in Chile’s central area. Even though some hospitals show interest and have made advances in this regard, there is still much to be done, being universal coverage the main objective.

Palabras clave : Congenital; Hearing loss; Newborn; Early hearing screening; Public health.

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