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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816

Resumen

MOYANO M, Daniel; MELLA T, Andrés; PEIRANO O, Eduardo  y  BERMEO S, Jaime. Extramedullary plasmacytoma nasal septum: Case report and literature review. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2016, vol.76, n.3, pp.301-307. ISSN 0718-4816.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48162016000300009.

Plasmacytomas are malignant tumors characterized by abnormal proliferation of monoclonal plasma cells. They may originate in bone and soft tissue , called solitary bone plasmacytoma and extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMP) respectively. The latter represents less than 1% of all malignant disease of the head and neck, however, the report of these cases it is useful to cope with the shallow casuistics thereon. We report a case of EMP of the nasal septum in a man of 74 years with progressive nasal breathing difficulties and frequent epistaxis on the left side. A nasal speculoscopy was observed in tumor lift lobby smooth, gray, sessile surface. The biopsy showed it was a plasmacytoma. Subsequent studies reject the presence of multiple myeloma. This confirmed the diagnosis of EMP. The mass was completely dissected, radiation therapy is indicated and the patient had no adherence. Upon the same place a similar injury returns. Conclusion: Septum extramedullary plasmacytoma is a rare entity of a long natural history and represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Depending on the resectability of the lesion, combination therapy with surgery and radiation therapy is the treatment of choice.

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